Electrochemical Impedance of Hydrogenated Phases of ZnO and CuO Nanoparticles for Electrode Applications

Main Article Content

L. I. Menegbo
J. L. Konne
N. Boisa

Abstract

The Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) measurements of Sol-gel synthesized ZnO, CuO and their respective hydrogenated phases (ZnO:H and CuO:H) for  a proton-type battery model has been reported for the first time. The XRD patterns confirmed that CuO and ZnO were phase pure with minor impurities. However, that of CuO:H showed mixed phases of CuO and Cu2O with the later  appearing prominent. The estimated particle sizes of ZnO, ZnO:H, CuO and CuO:H obtained using Scherrers’ equation were 17.83, 17.75, 21.63 and 15.42 nm respectively, showing remarkable particle size reductions upon hydrogenation as oxygen vacancies were substituted with smaller hydrogen ions. Nyquist plots from the EIS experimental data recorded over a frequency range of 100 kHz – 5 mHz showed expected flat semicircles at the high frequency region and straight lines at the low frequency regions while resistance estimations from the intercepts of the Bode plots were 12.10, 7.80, 16.00 and 10.80 Ω for ZnO, ZnO:H, CuO and CuO:H respectively. It also indicated high gain margins suggesting impressive electrochemical properties for battery applications.

Keywords:
Defects, sol-gel preparation, battery, ZnO/ZnO:H, CuO/CuO:H, EIS (Nyquist &Bode).

Article Details

How to Cite
Menegbo, L. I., Konne, J. L., & Boisa, N. (2020). Electrochemical Impedance of Hydrogenated Phases of ZnO and CuO Nanoparticles for Electrode Applications. Asian Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences, 8(3), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajopacs/2020/v8i330116
Section
Short communication

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DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8056302