Review of Oilfield Chemicals Used in Oil and Gas Industry
Asian Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences,
The petroleum industry includes the global processes of exploration, extraction, refining, transportation and marketing of natural gas, crude oil and refined petroleum products. The oil industry demands more sophisticated methods for the exploitation of petroleum. As a result, the use of oil field chemicals is becoming increasingly important and has received much attention in recent years due to the vast role they play in the recovery of hydrocarbons which has enormous commercial benefits. The three main sectors of the petroleum industry are Upstream, Midstream and Downstream. The Upstream deals with exploration and the subsequent production (drilling of exploration wells to recover oil and gas). In the Midstream sector, petroleum produced is transported through pipelines as natural gas, crude oil, and natural gas liquids. Downstream sector is basically involved in the processing of the raw materials obtained from the Upstream sector. The operations comprises of refining of crude oil, processing and purifying of natural gas. Oil field chemicals offers exceptional applications in these sectors with wide range of applications in operations such as improved oil recovery, drilling optimization, corrosion protection, mud loss prevention, drilling fluid stabilization in high pressure and high temperature environment, and many others. Application of a wide range of oilfield chemicals is therefore essential to rectify issues and concerns which may arise from oil and gas operational activities. This review intends to highlight some of the oil field chemicals and their positive applications in the oil and gas Industries.
- Oil field chemicals
- enhance oil recovery
How to Cite
Johannes KF. Petroleum engineer's guide to oil field chemicals and fluids; 2012.
Brazzel RL. Multi-component drilling fluid additive, and drilling fluid system incorporating the additive. US Patent 7 635 667, assigned to Ambar Lonestar Fluid Services, LLC (Layfayette,LA), December 22; 2009.
Melbouci M, Sau AC. Water-based drilling fluids. US Patent 7 384 892, assigned to Hercules Incorporated (Wilmington, DE), June 10; 2008.
Ravi KM, Whitfill DL, Reddy BR. Methods of drilling wellbores using variable density fluids comprising coated elastic particles. US Patent 7 482 309, assigned to Halliburton Energy; 2009.
Patel BB, Muller GT. Compositions comprising an acrylamide-containing polymer and process therewith. EP Patent 728 826, assigned to Phillips Petroleum Co., August 28; 1996.
Ashjian H, Peel LC, Sheerin TJ, Williamson RS. Non- toxic biodegradable well fluids. WO Patent 9 509 215, assigned to Mobil Oil Corp., April 06; 1995.
Jones CK, Acker DB. Oil-based drilling muds with increased viscosity. EP Patent 922 743, assigned to Nalco Exxon Energy Chem. L, June 16; 1999.
Rastegaev BA, Andreson BA, Raizberg YL. Bactericidal protection of chemical agents from biodegradation while drilling deep wells. Stroit Neft Gaz Skvazhin Sushe More. 1999;(7–8):32–34.
Sikora D. Hydrazine – a universal oxygen scavenger (hydrazyna – niwersalny inhibitor korozji tlenowej w pluczkach wiertniczych). Nafta Gaz (Pol). 1994; 50(4):161–168.
Kondo M, Sawada T. Readily dispersible bentonite. US Patent 5 491 248, assigned to Hojun Kogyo Co. Ltd., February 13; 1996.
Fabrichnaya AL, Shamraj YV, Shakirzyanov RG, Sadriev ZK, Koshelev VN, Vakhrushev, L.P., Tavrin, A.E., 1997. Additive for drilling solutions with high foam extinguishing properties – containing specified surfactant in hydrocarbon solvent with methyl-diethyl-alkoxymethyl ammonium methyl sulphate. RU Patent 2 091 420, assigned to Etn Co. Ltd., September 27; 1997.
Nicora LF, McGregor WM. Biodegradable surfactants for cosmetics find application in drilling fluids. In: Proceedings Volume, Iadc/SPE Drilling Conf. (Dallas, 3/3–6/98), 1998;723– 730.
Grey RA. Process for preparing alternating copolymers of olefinically unsaturated sulfonate salts and unsaturated dicarboxylic acid anhydrides. US Patent 5 210 163, assigned to Arco Chemical Technol. Inc., May 11; 1993.
Peiffer DG, Bock J, Elward-Berry J. Thermally stable hydrophobically associating rheological control additives for water-based drilling fluids. CA Patent 2 055 011, assigned to Exxon Research & Eng. Co., May 07; 1993.
Burrafato G, Carminati S. Aqueous drilling muds fluidified by means of zirconium and aluminium complexes. EP Patent 623 663, assigned to Eniricerche SPA and Agip SPA, November 09; 1994.
Dolganskaya SI, Sharipov AU. Removal from hole of junk and stuck drilling equipment –by dissolving latter with mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids with added sodium nitrate and ethanolamine. SU Patent 1 782 271, assigned to W Sibe Deep Pros Dril Des., December 15; 1992.
Dealy ST, Chatterji J. Chemical wash compositions for removing drilling fluids. US Patent 7 662 752, assigned to Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. (Duncan, OK), February 16; 2010.
Walele II, Syed SA. Process for making N-acyl taurides. US Patent 5 434 276, assigned to Finetex, Inc. (Elmwood Park, NJ), July 18; 1995.
Bromley MJ, Gaffney SH, Jackson GE. Oilfield emulsion control, techniques and chemicals used to separate oil and water. In: Proceedings Volume. Inst. Corrosion UK orrosion 91 Conf., Manchester, UK, October 22–24. 1991;3.
Dahlmann U, Feustel M. Corrosion and gas hydrate inhibitors having improved water solubility and increased biodegradability. US Patent 7 341 617, assigned to Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH Sulzbach, DE, March 11. 2008.
Kannan, K., Punase, A. Low-dosage, high-efficiency, and environment-friendly inhibitors: a new horizon in gas hydrates mitigation in production systems. In: SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, 20–22 April 2009, no. 120905-MS, SPE, Society of Petroleum Engineers, The Woodlands. Texas. 2009;1–8.
Rose GD, Tetot AS, Doty PA. Process for reversible thickening of a liquid. GB Patent 2 191 716, December 23; 1987.
Gerez JM, Pick AR. Heavy oil transportation by pipeline. In: Proceedings Volume, 1st Asme et al Int. Pipeline Conf., Calgary, Can, June 9–13. 1996;2:699–710.
Padron A. Stable emulsion of viscous crude hydrocarbon in aqueous buffer solution and method for forming and transporting same. EP Patent 672 860, assigned to Maraven SA, September 20; 1995.
Rivas H, Acevedo S, Gutierrez X. Emulsion of viscous hydrocarbon in aqueous buffer solution and method for preparing same. GB Patent 2 274 254, assigned to Intevep, July 20; 1994.
Rodriguez D, Quintero L, Terrer MT, Jimenez GE, Silva F, Salazar PJ. Hydrocarbon dispersions in water. GB Patent 2 231 284, November 14; 1990.
Gregoli AA, Olah AM. Low-temperature pipeline emulsion transportation enhancement. US Patent 5 156 652, assigned to Canadian Occident Petrol. Ltd., October 20; 1992.
Popoola LT, Grema AS., Latinwo, G. K., Gutti B, Balogun AS. Corrosion problems during oil and gas production and its mitigation. International Journal of Industrial Chemistry. 2013;4(1):1-15.
Kelland MA. Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry. CRC Press; 2014.
Camberlin Y, Grenier J, Poncet S, Bonnet, A, Pascault JP, Sautereau H. Utilization of polymer compositions for the coating of surfaces, and surface coating containing such compositions (utilisation de compositions de polymeres pour le revetement de surfaces et revetement de surfaces comprenant ces compositions). EP Patent 931 819, assigned to Inst. Francais Du Petrole, July 28; 1999.
Petersen H, Martens J, Harms W, Kramer U. Process for avoiding the formation of condensates, hydrates or ice in the decompression of natural gas stored in salt caverns (verfahren zur vermeidung der bildung von kondensaten, hydraten oder eis bei der entspannung von in salzkavernen gespeichertem erdgas). DE Patent 3 927 905, assigned to Energieversor Weser Ems A, February 21; 1991.
Talbot RE, Jones CR, Hills E. Scale inhibition in water systems. US Patent 7 572 381, assigned to Rhodia UK Limited, Hertfordshire, GB, August 11; 2009.
Dickinson W, Sanders L, Kemira J. Novel barium sulfate scale inhibitor for use in high iron environments. SPE Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, Mexico City, Mexico, April 16–18; 2012.
Olajire AA. A review of oilfield scale management technology for oil and gas production. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. 2015;135, 723-737.
Viloria A, Castillo L, Garcia JA, Biomorgi J. Aloe derived scale inhibitor. US Patent 7 645 722, assigned to Intevep, S.A., Caracas, VE, January 12; 2010.
Lakatos I, T´oth J, Lakatos-Szab´o J, Kosztin B, Pal´asthy G, H. W¨oltje,. Application of silicone microemulsion for restriction of water production in gas wells. In: Proceedings Volume, SPE 13th European Petroleum Conference, Aberdeen, Scotland, U.K., October 29–31; 2002.
Gorodnov VP, Ryskin AY, Pavlov MV. Increasing oil extraction from stratum – by pumping- in hydrochloric acid solution or its mixture with hydrofluoric acid or ammonium fluoride, followed by pumping aqueous solution or surfactant. SU Patent 1 795 092, assigned to Giprovostokneft Des. Inst., February 15; 1993.
Abdulmazitov RG, Muslimov RK, Zakirov AF, Khajretdinov FM. Oil recovery from carbonate oil-bearing seam – involves cyclic injection of acid solutions of increasing concentrations after reduction of seam pressure. RU Patent 2 073 791, assigned to Tartar Oil Inst., February 20; 1997.
Cavallaro A, Curci E, Galliano G, Vicente M, Crosta D, Leanza H. Design of an acid stimulation system with chlorine dioxide for the treatment of water-injection wells. In: Proceedings Volume, 7th SPE Latin Amer. & Caribbean Petrol. Eng. Conference, Buenos Aires, Argentina, March 25–28; 2001.
Braden ML, Allenson SJ. Method for separating liquid from water using amine containing polymers. US Patent 5 021 167, assigned to Nalco Chemical Co., June 4; 1991.
Chaplanov PE, Chernikov AD, Mironov OG, Semanov GN, Svinukhov AG, Yaremenko AG, et al., Removing oils and petroleum products from water surfaces – using mixture of oxyethylated alkyl- phenol, alkyl-phosphate and fatty acid diethanolamine. SU Patent 1 325816, October 15; 1992.
Canevari GP, Fiocco RJ, Becker KW, Lessard RR. Chemical dispersant for oil spills.US Patent 5 618 468, April 08; 1997.
Abstract View: 117 times
PDF Download: 122 times