Surfactant Enhanced Bioremediation of Hydrocarbon Contaminated Soils Using Alkyl Polyglucoside
Asian Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences,
Bioremediation is an efficient and environmentally friendly method for the degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons in contaminated soils. This study investigated the effects of biosurfactant alkyl polyglycosides (APG) on enhanced biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated soils. Three soil samples were contaminated with two different grades of crude oil (medium and Light). Alkyl polyglucoside was synthesised and subjected to FTIR for comfirmation of the product before it was applied in the remediation of contaminated soil. The alkyl polyglucoside is used as a treatment regime in the remediation of the hydrocarbon contamination in the three soil samples. Results of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) before remediation with bio-surfactant showed that samples contaminated with medium crude for Eneka, Ozuoba and Rukpokwu were 15744.00 mg/kg, 11359.00 mg/kg and 11470.00 mg/kg respectively and after remediation reduced to 4276.00 mg/kg, 4265.00 mg/kg, and 3205.00 mg/kg, showing a reduction percentage of 72.84%, 62.44% and 72.05% respectively. Soil samples contaminated with light crude showed result of TPH of 11339.00 mg/kg, 10662 mg/kg and 10226 mg/kg and after remediation reduced to 2981 mg/kg, 3879 mg/kg, and 4245 mg/kg respectively showing a reduction percentage of 73.71%, 63.62 % and 58.49% respectively. The enhanced efficiency of the bio-surfactant at degrading total petroleum hydrocarbons was achieved as a result of the increased solubility thus improving the bioavailability of the hydrocarbons due to the action of the alkyl polyglucoside.
- petroleum hydrocarbon
- contaminated soil
- alkyl polyglucoside
How to Cite
Bossert I. The fate of petroleum in soil ecosystem. Petroleum microbiology. Macmillan, New York. 1984;355-398.
Odeyemi O, Ogunseitan OA. Petroleum industry and its pollution potential in Nigeria. Oil and Petrochemical Pollution. 1985;2(3):223-9.
Atlas RM. Microbial degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons: An environmental perspective. Microbiology Review. 1981; 45:180–209
Osuji LC, Idung ID, Ojinnaka CM. Biodegradation of crude oil contamination. Journal. Environmental Forensic. 2006; 7:259-265.
Ossai IC, Ahmed A, Hassan A, Hamid FS. Remediation of soil and water contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbon: A review. Environmental Technology & Innovation. 2020;17:100526.
Venkatachalapathy R, Veerasingam S, Ramkumar T. Petroleum hydrocarbon concentrations in marine sediments along Chennai coast, Bay of Bengal, India. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 2010;85(4):397-401.
Hreniuc M, Coman M, Cioruţa B. Consideration regarding the soil pollution with oil products in Sacel-Maramures. InInternational Conference of scientific paper AFASES. Brasov. 2015;28-30.
Van der Heul RM. Environmental degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons (Master's thesis); 2011.
Dabbs WC. Oil production and environmental damage. American University Trade and Environment Database; 1996. As found at www. American
Banerji SK. Bioremediation of soils contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons using bioslurry reactors. US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station; 1995.
Payatakes AC. Dynamics of oil ganglia during immiscible displacement in water-wet porous media. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics. 1982;14(1):365-93.
Doelman P. European perspectives of field research on bioremediation: Special attention to the Netherlands. InTrans. 25 Congreso Mundial de la Ciencia del Suelo. Sociedad Mexicana de la Ciencia del Suelo. Chapingo, estado de México. 1994; 307-321.
Logeshwaran P, Megharaj M, Chadalavada S, Bowman M, Naidu R. Petroleum hydrocarbons (PH) in groundwater aquifers: An overview of environmental fate, toxicity, microbial degradation and risk-based remediation approaches. Environmental Technology & Innovation. 2018;10:175-93.
Adams OA, Fufeyin PT, Okoro SE, Ehinomen I. Bioremediation, Biostimulation and Bioaugmentation: A Review. International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation & Biodegradation. 2015;3 (1):28-39.
Odokuma LO, Dickson AA. Bioremediation of a crude oil polluted tropical rain forest soil. Global Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2003;2(1):29-40.
Osuji LC, Nwoye I. An appraisal of the impact of petroleum hydrocarbons on soil fertility: the Owaza experience. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2007; 2(7):318-24.
Maletić SP, Dalmacija BD, Rončević SD, Agbaba JR, Perović SD. Impact of hydrocarbon type, concentration and weathering on its biodegradability in soil. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A. 2011;46(10):1042-9.
Ramadass K, Megharaj M, Venkateswarlu K, Naidu R. Bioavailability of weathered hydrocarbons in engine oil-contaminated soil: Impact of bioaugmentation mediated by Pseudomonas spp. on bioremediation. Science of the Total Environment. 2018; 636:968-74.
Semple KT, Morriss AW, Paton GI. Bioavailability of hydrophobic organic contaminants in soils: fundamental concepts and techniques for analysis. European Journal of Soil Science. 2003; 54(4):809-18.
Riding MJ, Doick KJ, Martin FL, Jones KC, Semple KT. Chemical measures of bioavailability/bioaccessibility of PAHs in soil: fundamentals to application. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2013;261:687-700.
Naidu R, Channey R, McConnell S, Johnston N, Semple KT, McGrath S, Dries V, Nathanail P, Harmsen J, Pruszinski A, MacMillan J. Towards bioavailability-based soil criteria: past, present and future perspectives. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2015;22(12):8779-85.
Vijayakumar S, Saravanan V. Biosurfactants-types, sources and applications. Research Journal of Microbiology. 2015;10(5):181.
Liu J, Xu L, Zhu F, Jia S. Effects of surfactants on the remediation of petroleum contaminated soil and surface hydrophobicity of petroleum hydrocarbon degrading flora. Environmental Engineering Research. 2020;26(5).
Bartha R. Biotechnology of petroleum pollutant biodegradation. Microbial Ecology. 1986;12(1):155-172.
Singh SK, John S. Surfactant-enhanced remediation of soils contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. International Journal of Environment and Waste Management. 2013;11(2):178-92.
Edwards KR, Lepo JE, Lewis MA. Toxicity comparison of biosurfactants and synthetic surfactants used in oil spill remediation to two estuarine species. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2003;46(10):1309-16.
Ware AM, Waghmare JT, Momin SA. Alkylpolyglycoside: Carbohydrate based surfactant. Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology. 2007;28(3):437-44.
El‐Sukkary MM, Syed NA, Aiad I, El‐Azab WI. Synthesis and characterization of some alkyl polyglycosides surfactants. Journal of Surfactants and Detergents. 2008;2:129-37.
Naidu R, Bolan NS, Megharaj M, Juhasz AL, Gupta SK, Clothier BE, Schulin R. Chemical bioavailability in terrestrial environments. Developments in Soil Science. 2008;32:1-6.
Muijs B, Jonker MT. Assessing the bioavailability of complex petroleum hydrocarbon mixtures in sediments. Environmental Science & Technology. 2011;45(8):3554-61.
Ortega-Calvo JJ, Harmsen J, Parsons JR, Semple KT, Aitken MD, Ajao C, Eadsforth C, Galay-Burgos M, Naidu R, Oliver R, Peijnenburg WJ. From Bioavailability Science to Regulation of Organic Chemicals. 2015;10255-10264.
Amin IA, Yarmo MA, Yuoff NIN, Nordin NAM, Isahak WNRW. Synthesis of alkylpolyglucoside from dextrose-decanol in the presence of silicotungstic acid sol-gel catalyst. The Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences. 2013;17(1):91– 100.
Zou M, Chen J, Wang Y, Li M, Zhang C, Yang X. Alcoholysis of starch to produce alkyl polyglycosides with sub-critical isooctyl alcohol. Journal of Surfactants and Detergents. 2016;19(4):879-84.
Posada-Baquero R, Grifoll M, Ortega-Calvo JJ. Rhamnolipid-enhanced solubilization and biodegradation of PAHs in soils after conventional bioremediation. Science of the Total Environment. 2019; 668:790-6.
Li Q, Huang Y, Wen D, Fu R, Feng L. Application of alkyl polyglycosides for enhanced bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated soil using Sphingomonas changbaiensis and Pseudomonas stutzeri. Science of the Total Environment. 2020;719:137456.
Maletić S, Dalmacija B, Rončević S. Petroleum hydrocarbon biodegradability in soil–Implications for bioremediation. Hydrocarbon. 2013;16:43-64.
Abioye OP. Biological remediation of hydrocarbon and heavy metals contaminated soil, soil contamination. IntechOpen; 2011.
Ferguson DK, Li C, Jiang C, Chakraborty A, Grasby SE, Hubert CR. Natural attenuation of spilled crude oil by cold-adapted soil bacterial communities at a decommissioned High Arctic oil well site. Science of the Total Environment. 2020; 722:137258.
Abena MT, Li T, Shah MN, Zhong W. Biodegradation of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) in highly contaminated soils by natural attenuation and bioaugmentation. Chemosphere. 2019;234:864-74.
Abstract View: 225 times
PDF Download: 146 times